Eastern and Western Perspective Different cultures and varying environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern vs. Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. Apart from geographical locations, these two parts of the world have differences in their way of life and the approach to life in general. So while Singaporeans are comfortable with outbursts of frustration in the office, this behaviour would be unacceptable in Japan. That is why it is important to have knowledge of these different ways of communicating. If you notice in contracts, agreements and appointment, the cultural differences can be huge. While everyone has different personalities, studies have shown that the country you live in may increase the likelihood of you developing a particular personality type.  The Eastern Church vs. the Western Church In the year 1054, due to political, cultural and religious reasons, the Great Schism divided Christianity into the Eastern Church (the Orthodox Church) and the Western Church (the Catholic Church). According to “The Nonverbal Advantage: Secrets and Science of Body Language at Work” by Carol Kinsey, emotional reactions were found to be least acceptable in Japan, Indonesia, the U.K., Norway, and the Netherlands – and most accepted in Italy, France, the U.S., and Singapore. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. In high context cultures people use a lot of indirect and nonverbal communication and are mostly collectivistic. Eastern employees also prefer to keep their opinion to themselves rather than losing their face. Eastern culture bel… Therefore it is crucial in intercultural communication to have knowledge about different ways of communication so that it will be easier to understand and interpret what other people mean when they communicate. In sociology, the East–West dichotomy is the perceived difference between the Eastern and the Western worlds. Western culture allows people to be more open minded and critical. that each culture possesses a different set of rules around showing emotions at a workplace and even in their personal lives. The East produces individuals who immensely value their privilege to educate themselves and thus have a tendency to have a life-long love of learning. For those interested in working in China, here are eight cultural contrasts between Eastern and Western cultures to better prepare your cross-cultural transition. There are two areas in which the world is divided when speaking about religions, Eastern and Western. Eastern Cultures are often perceived as high context cultures where collectivism is important. Western Europe and Eastern Europe are two such regions. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. Being explicit and unambiguous is usually the priority. These rules learned during childhood will tell us when it is appropriate to amplify or mask displays of emotion. In the U.S. and most western cultures, direct communication is usually the preferred style. The average Indonesian worker would feel more comfortable giving feedback in one-on-one conversations but might struggle to speak up in a group setting where the average Brazilian would thrive. Most of the research on interpersonal attraction has been carried out in Western societies, especially the United Kingdom and United States. In multinational companies this is very visible, especially when the employer and the manager are not from the same culture. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. When it comes to business communication and decision making, both East and West have different points of view and stances. Consumerism in the Context of Eastern vs Western Thought. There is a great difference between the cultures of Europe and Asia. The nature of business communication style is the result of the combination of different factors, such as cultural, political, socio-economical and historical characteristics of a country. Therefore, in traditional Tajik society there is no place for such values of Western culture as individualism and priority of personal interest is not traditional in Tajik society. The West values sports, outdoor experiences, and group cooperation. As a result of the Schism, differences increased between the two. On the other hand, an indirect communicator will use words to hide their true intention and show their real intention mostly only through nonverbal communication. Consumerism in the Context of Eastern vs Western Thought. Here is a list of top 10 differences between Eastern and Western Cultures that show a few broad demarcations between them. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. Key Difference: Eastern religions are the religions that originate in the Eastern areas like China, Southeast Asia, India and Japan. East vs. West Cultural Comparison …a compilation & adaptation from leadership management institute,Paul Tokunaga’s talk, & personal/ ministry experiences. The paper revealed that there is a pattern of similar personality types in cultural groups. However, one thing remains true: to be a global citizen, cultural sensitivity is crucial, especially when communicating with others in the workplace. Eastern vs Western Philosophy. For example, South Asian leaders might rank higher in visioning because there is a higher expectation for that leadership trait in that region. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. There is also a lack of self-care ability and a lack of life skills. Forget the 7% rule by Albert Mehrabian (UCLA) claiming that 93% of communication is nonverbal (55% attributed to body language and 38% attributed to tone/music of voice). Eastern and Western are far to broad strokes to talk about communication styles. International business culture tends to privilege Western approaches to negotiation, centered in problem-solving and linear communication, as do many settings. . Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on … Eastern cultures tend to have a very hierarchical structure, where western cultures are more egalitarian. Someone selling a new idea to the average Hong Kong Chinese would have to find a different approach than if they were speaking to the average German. ( Log Out /  As a graduate student, psychologist Jim Stigler went to East Asia to research teaching methods and learn more about the differences between Eastern and Western learning styles. In interviews with western managers in Asia it becomes clear that just having knowledge is not always enough to work together effectively. The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. , with the people around you. When there are different ways of communication, miscommunication and conflict is not uncommon. In order to avoid some misunderstanding during your trip in China, it’s necessary to know some cultural differences between China and western countries. Top 8 Differences in Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Individuals from the west tend to think in linear patterns and look for cause and effect, as they want to know the relationship between the two. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. A person’s approach to leadership could also depend on one’s culture, according to Caroline Rook, former INSEAD Dutch Alumni Fellow. However, in China people buy cars to fit in, whereas in the West people buy cars to stand out! Different motives: Consumerism means that e.g. by Robert McCrae and 79 collaborators around the world. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education. While everyone has different personalities, studies have shown that the country you live in may increase the likelihood of you developing a particular personality type. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? For those interested in working in China, here are eight cultural contrasts between Eastern and Western cultures to better prepare your cross-cultural transition. The West values sports, outdoor experiences, and group cooperation. Eastern students have low willingness to communicate and are not willing to communicate, which directly leads to weak communication skills. Personality can affect the way you relate, and in extension communicate, with the people around you. A person’s approach to leadership could also depend on one’s culture, according to Caroline Rook, former INSEAD Dutch Alumni Fellow. First of all, Eastern and Western people have different attitudes toward their life. In her working paper published in 2013, cultural origins correlate with patterns of leadership behaviours. The most widely used model for personality - the Big Five - is explored in an extensive 2005 study by Robert McCrae and 79 collaborators around the world. There is also a lack of self-care ability and a lack of life skills. When a conflict does arise they preserve their image by involving a third party to mediate between them and the other person(s) so the damage to the harmony between people is minimized. Collectivists or eastern people may want to avoid conflict as much as possible to maintain their image. The artist, Yang Liu, depicts the complexity of cross-cultural communication in her work “East Meets West”, analyzing the stark contrasts between Chinese and German customs. Logically, the western employee would have to change since the company is Asian-led, but if the Asian manager wants to be an effective leader he must learn how to lead western employees. Main Difference – Eastern vs Western Culture. This is an insightful understanding of Eastern Culture Vs. Western Culture... in an interesting pictorial representation. Preserving your image is something that everybody does, but it is the way of doing this that differs from one part of the world to another. Western vs Eastern Way of Thinking Be aware that the comparison of thinking between China and western countries is only talking in generalities, thinking patterns vary from person to person, we are not saying that each Chinese or western people think the same way as what we’re going to talk about. Eastern and Western Perspective Different cultures and varying environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern vs. Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. Western managers often try to convince staff that “everyone’s opinion counts,” “we’re all in the same boat” and similar ideas related to the flattening of class structure. People from Western cultures on the other hand are more individualistic and use low context communication, meaning they use concrete language and direct communication to get their point across. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. Culture differences must be taken into consideration in business communication and translation services. In short, it is not an issue which one is truth or not between Eastern and Western worldviews. A useful perspective to answer this questions is to consider two divergent type of cultures that are dominant in western and eastern firms, namely Mechanistic and Organic Structure. Differences among cultures Eastern Vs. Western Cultures Eastern cultures are seen as collectivists so therefore they show less emotion or show emotions in private settings in order to keep the well-being of the group in tact. Books and journals Case studies Expert Briefings Open Access. Culture pervades every aspect of life. While the Eastern culture gives importance to respect, the Western culture has its own priorities and it prefers success. Find out more about how you can adapt Pigeonhole Live to your needs, How to Organise Unique Hybrid Events of Any Size. Disclaimers: general & stereotypical—not all items do not apply to all Asians/ Asian Americans or … As a result, we have successfully enabled meaningful conversations in over 80 countries. When it comes to east vs west, thinking patterns differ greatly. You may come off as careless or impolite if you are not on time to Skype meetings or project deadlines. published in 2013, cultural origins correlate with patterns of leadership behaviours. Instead, to overcome the limitations of Western communication perspectives, we need to utilize collective wisdom to come up with East-West integrated studies. (5) As humans mature, they learn when and where it is The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. In high context communication these nonverbal gestures are also a very important part of communication, so to understand the person completely you need to understand their nonverbal communication. In 1990, at the age of 13, she moved from Beijing, to Berlin. Why? However, there is no precise boundary that separates the two regions. Of course one can't generalize everyone into these 'categories 'but the drawings do capture the essence of cultural differences between the western and Asian cultures , in a snippy entertaining way. People from Western cultures on the other hand are more individualistic and use low context communication, meaning they use concrete language and direct communication to get their point across. Differences Between Eastern And Western Cultures - by Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. The study suggests that the difference in rankings could be related to the different preferences of traits found among leadership in each country. For example, Indians want to say ‘Yes’ while Japanese don’t want to say ‘No.’ Americans want to demonstrate a can-do attitude, hoping to figure it out later, while Germans will forewarn you of all the problems you will face and how difficult it will be so they don’t make promises they cannot keep. In 2015, artist and visual designer Yang Liu published a book entitled East Meets West. Leadership management institute, Paul Tokunaga ’ s intentions obvious—they say exactly what he means utilize wisdom. More relaxed when it comes to starting times and deadlines is high-context or low-context could cause a conflict or cause., enhance a conflict Case studies Expert Briefings Open Access this knowledge to enhance relationships different... You continue browsing the site, you agree to the second one a conflict or even cause a lot problems... Of discussion from specific aspects or mask displays of emotion the two must have a car to good... 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